‘Oh, no!’ I thought while I was whizzing around the living room with the vacuum cleaner sometime this spring. (Or I may have thought something a little less polite.) I had just lifted the basket with spinning fibres beside my wheel…
… and discovered a kind of grit under it. I knew what that meant – moths!
I had stuffed the fibres into a plastic bag, put them in the freezer, removed the grit, and shaken out the basket before I thought, ‘this could be interesting for my blog.’ The only things left to photograph were 3 cocoons.
Moth problems are unavoidable in a house containing so much that is high on the moth’s Munchability Index. (Isn’t that a brilliant term? It was coined by Adrian Doyle, conservator at the Museum of London. There is a link to the article in which I found it at the bottom of this post.) Fortunately, I haven’t had moth problems very often, but often enough to recognize the signs.
I’ve taken a few photos of moths lately. It isn’t that I’m a moth geek or anything. It is just that with my camera in hand I’m becoming more and more aware of my surroundings. And when I see creatures I don’t know, I try to find out what they are.
This is the large yellow underwing on our kitchen floor. It is called grote huismoeder (literally: large stay-at-home-mum) in Dutch. Whoever thought of that name?
And this is a box tree moth.
Isn’t it beautiful, with its almost transparent veined wings in a dark frame? We don’t have any box in our garden, and its family has already destroyed our neighbours’ box hedge, so I can admire it without getting nervous.
Several moth caterpillars crossed my path while I was out cycling this summer. This hairy little monster is the caterpillar of the majestic white ermine (NL: witte tijger).
And this big fat beauty will later transform into a small emperor moth (NL: nachtpauwoog).
It isn’t any of these that munch on spinning fibres, knitting yarn and sweaters, though. It’s the clothes moth that does that. I have, (un)fortunately, not been able to photograph it and am borrowing someone else’s picture. Here it is – every knitter’s and spinner’s nightmare:
Photo: © Olaf Leillinger, CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
Doesn’t it look glorious in this picture, all shimmering gold? In real life it is only about 7 mm (0.25”) long – an unsightly beige-ish little fluttery thing.
So, what to do about them?
Moth balls and moth paper are one option, but they smell horrible and are carcinogenic. Another is cedar wood. There was a block of that in my spinning basket. Maybe it loses its moth-repellent quality over time? Something else moths hate is lavender.
This bush along our driveway established itself there years ago. It is a pale shade of, well, lavender.
This isn’t a moth, by the way, but a butterfly called painted lady (NL: distelvlinder).
Last year we planted some more lavender in our front garden.
It is smaller and a darker shade of purple.
Moths may hate lavender, but I love it. Its scent, the purple of its flowers, and the silvery grey of its leaves. When all the lavender in our garden had finished flowering, friends coming to spend a sunny afternoon chatting in our garden brought us a big pot of a different variety.
It has beautiful tufted flowers. I have placed it just so that we can see it every time we look out the kitchen window.
I don’t know what it is that makes moths hate lavender so much, but it is a well-known fact that lavender is an excellent repellent.
Over the summer, I’ve been knitting some lavender sachets from small remnants of sock and other fingering-weight yarn. Not the old-fashioned frilly kind, but more modern? simple? plain? ones. I don’t know exactly how to describe them, but if all goes according to plan, you’ll see what I mean next week.
Meanwhile, here are a few links to some interesting reading about moths, the problems they pose for textile-lovers and what to do about them.
- A Textile Conservator Explains How To Deal With Clothes Moths
- Unwelcome flying visitors to the Museum (about the Victoria and Albert Museum)
- Museums waging war on exhibit-eating bugs (Munchability Index)